BIT's 15th Annual Congress of International Drug Discovery Science and Technology - Japan 2017 (IDDST-Japan 2017)
★ Scenery of Osaka

Osaka is located on the main island of Honshu, roughly in the center of Japan. Osaka City, which was incorporated in 1889, has a population of 2.5 million and an area of 221 square kilometers. Osaka Prefecture, which includes Osaka City (its capital) and 42 other municipalities, has a population of 8.7 million and a total land mass of about 1,905 square kilometers. Although Osaka is Japan's second smallest prefecture by size, its population represents 7% of the entire nation, making it the second most populous prefecture after Tokyo. Furthermore, 10% of all non-Japanese residents live in Osaka.



Kansai(Hyogo, Kyoto, Nara, Wakayama, Shiga and Osaka) area covers a total of 27,350 square kilometers within a radius of 100 km from the center of Osaka. The population exceeds 20 million, making it one of the biggest metropolitan areas in the world. 
Kansai represents approx 16% of Japan's gross domestic products. The scale of its economy alone exceeds that of Indonesia.



In the 5th century, Osaka began to flourish as the political and economic center of Japan. Naniwazu Port, the predecessor to the modern port of Osaka, became a gateway into ancient Japan for visitors from Korea, China and the Asian continent. These visitors brought with them knowledge and artifacts of advanced culture, and new technologies in ceramics, forging, construction, and engineering. They also brought with them a new religion, Buddhism, which very quickly began to spread to the rest of the country.



Osaka Castle, which is a famous landmark, a popular sightseeing spot, and the symbol of Osaka, contains thirteen structures which have been designated as Important Cultural Assets by the Japanese government. Of special note are the grand gates and turrets along the outer moat. The steep walls that rise close to 30 meters high are made of huge blocks of stone that were transported to Osaka from quarries over 100 kilometers away. The sheer height of the walls and the wide moats they rise above make for a grand sight that can be matched by no other castle in Japan. Also of interest are the tower's eight roof dolphins and the ornamental roof tiles and reliefs carved in the shape of tigers, all of which are gilded with gold. The castle tower underwent a major renovation in 1997. The outer walls were replastered, the ornamental fixtures were restored, and gold leaf was re-applied throughout. These repairs have brought back the structure's stunning appearance of old―with pure white walls and striking accents of glittering gold. The re-engineered and refurbished Main Tower is illuminated both inside and out, highlighting the castle's brilliance as the symbol of Osaka.



To the west of Tennoji Park is Shin-Sekai, one of Osaka's most interesting neighborhoods. This area has remained largely untouched over the years. At the beginning of the 20th Century the area flourished, and pulsed with amusement attractions and restaurants that drew enormous crowds. Today, little of the bustle remains, but many old eating and drinking establishments can still be found. One highlight is Jan-Jan Yokocho Lane, which runs along one side of Shin-Sekai. This dining and shopping street is where laborers who rebuilt Osaka after World War II gathered, and it still contains Japanese-style pubs and cheap cafeteria-like restaurants with highly unique menus that include hormone-yaki (barbecued cattle organs) and kushi-yaki (Japanese shish kebab); it's an entertainment district for locals, much as it has always been. The name of this alley comes from the "jan jan" strumming sound of the Japanese banjo that waitresses used to play to attract customers.


You won't miss the sign of this restaurant: a papier-mâché "fugu" blowfish! Zuboraya is a restaurant committed to reasonable supply of this typical high-class fish. It is one of the representative restaurants of Osaka, a city extravagant in food, and is also a long-established store founded in 1920. On its menu are "tessa" thinly-sliced raw blowfish arranged beautifully like flower petals, "tecchiri" hotpot which makes you warm in winter, deep-fried blowfish which offers springy and juicy texture, and "shirako" soft roe which is rich in taste.



The arrival of summer means Osaka's foremost festival, the Tenjin Matsuri, which is always held on July 24 and 25. One of Japan's three largest festivals, the Tenjin consists of colorful processions of barges on Osaka's rivers, lively performances and bright fireworks displays. The entire city comes alive for this festival, which attracts hundreds of thousands of spectators from the surrounding regions.



Kansai area has various of culture and history unlike any other in Japan.An ancient city of Nara,history of Kyoto,shinoism of location thought to be flowing with mystical energy in Mie,Wakayama,Himeji castle is honoured as most beautiful castle, and biggest size of lake Biwa and so on,there are plentiful of culture,tourist attractions.Also special feature of Kansai area is gathering a lot of world heritage.Osaka is middle of those places,you can go anywhere in Kansai area in 1~2hours.Please enjoy Kansay with value ticket.



If you visit to Kansai, Kyoto is the one of the place which you better to go.It takes about 1 hour from Osaka. Kyoto had been Japanese capital, and prospersed more than 1000 years. Kyoto's traditional culture as we can say orijinal of Japanese culture have been developing of court culture,pious culture, and culture of local leaders. There is succsessors to representative of tea ceremony, the art of flower arrangement, and keeping the capital, and they hold a lot of cultural events still now. Sightseeing in Kyoto will be special experience for you. Also, there is 17 of shrines and temples which registered world heritage of UNESO., and buddhist the head temple. Those kind of beautiful nature are welcome for your visiting. Especially Kiyomizu temple, and Gion in Higashiyama area are famous place, also Arashiyama is convinience to go from central of Kyoto city. There has seasonal beautiful mountains, forest, bamboothicket, anicient temple, traditional Japanese dry landscape garden.Please feel the taste of ancient city from Osaka to Kyoto.



Nara is the first place of Japanese capital in Japan in 710. Nara town has old history. But it takes only 30 minutes from downtown Osaka.Nara has been keeping the Japanese oldest temple, and important cultural assets. You will be with wide eyes when you see a great image statue of Buddha in Todai-ji temple . Those historical architectural structures and cultural assets are located near Nara park whichi is huge. There is so many cute deer in Nara park. Those cute deer has been protecting as a natural monument. They sell rice crackers for deer anywhere, so you can feel free to feed them and touch them. If you are interested to get to Nara! I'll teach you how to get to Nara from Osaka.



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